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覚書090130 

2009年01月30日 ()
Human Development from Early Childhood to Early Adulthood: Findings from a 20 Year Longitudinal StudyHuman Development from Early Childhood to Early Adulthood: Findings from a 20 Year Longitudinal Study
(2008/11/04)
Wolfgang Schneider, Merry Bullock

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About the Book
 Data generated from longitudinal studies paint a rich and varied picture of development and allow researchers to understand more deeply how context and experience interact with stable characteristics of the developing person over time. This book represents an overview, description, and summary of a landmark longitudinal study of approximately 200 children, from the ages 3 to 23. The Munich Longitudinal study on the Ontogenesis of Individual Competencies (LOGIC) traced developmental pathways in cognitive, social, and motor domains from preschool to young adulthood in a sample of children who grew up during the 1980s and 1990s in and around Munich, Germany. This valuable study has generated a tremendous amount of data that have been reported in more than 150 empirical articles. This book is the second volume to provide a comprehensive look at the developmental issues in these domains examined in the study. The first volume traced development from ages 3 to 12. This volume continues the story, integrating these early findings with results from the next two developmental phases ミ adolescence (measurements at ages 13 and 18) and young adulthood (measurements at age 23).

Each of the chapters provides a summary of the literature and answers the questions was development stable and was it possible to predict later variables from earlier ones. The topics covered include core variables reflecting basic cognitive and motor skills (intelligence, memory, motor skills), social-cognitive competencies (moral thinking, personality, self-concept), and school-related competencies (scientific reasoning, spelling, mathematics). Each author summarizes developmental trends within their specific domain, and addresses issues of individual development ミ its stability over time, and the extent to which earlier performance predicts later competencies. The size of the LOGIC sample allows comparison of subgroups and subgroup analyses, defined by early personality characteristics or educational track or adult socio-cognitive variables.

This book will appeal to advanced students and researchers in developmental, educational, personality, and cognitive psychology as well as researchers in education since several chapters focus on topics relevant for these scholars (i.e., literacy development, educational context, mathematical reasoning).

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覚書081130 

2008年11月30日 ()
Variation in Working MemoryVariation in Working Memory
(2008/02/13)
Andrew R. A. Conway、

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Book Data Full Description
 Working memory is the ability to hold in mind information that has been previously processed, while simultaneously processing and assimilating incoming information. It is an ability that is central to many everyday tasks, such as reading, making sense of spoken discourse, problem solving, and mental arithmetic. As such it is the focus of considerable research in cognitive neuroscience, and this research has wide-ranging implications for a general understanding of cognitive processes in a variety of populations and settings. Consequently, since Baddeley and Hitch introduced their seminal model of working memory in 1974, there has been growing interest in this area. Despite the existence of various books on working memory, no previous publication has properly explored the causes and consequences of variation or individual differences in working memory. Variation is an issue of particular importance because research on it has been the major contributor to the development of a general theory of working memory. Existing models and theories of working memory variation are from many different research areas in psychology, making it very difficult to compare difference research findings.

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覚書071210 

2007年12月10日 ()
Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice And Research Meet Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice And Research Meet
Carol D. Goodheart、 他 (2006/03/30)
Amer Psychological Assn
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Book Description
 The adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) has powerful ramifications for the future of psychotherapy. As the EBP movement spreads throughout healthcare, with its associated demands for demonstrable results, cost monitoring and accountability, mental health professionals are not in agreement on the best treatments and their bases or how to weight the factors that contribute to good outcomes. Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet engages the voices of a broad range of clinical researchers, practitioners, educators, and public policy advocates in a comprehensive discussion of the spectrum of issues and arguments in the current debate about EBP.

Acknowledging differences in the fundamental purposes of research and practice in psychology, a trio of distinguished editors (Carol D. Goodheart, Alan E. Kazdin, and Robert J. Sternberg) present a range of viewpoints on the role and nature of EBP from leading figures in clinical practice and research. Their intent is to instigate a dialogue among mental health professionals. To this end, the book offers distinctive perspectives, seeks common ground, and reveals legitimate differences, unanswered questions, and promising avenues for improving psychotherapy.

The chapter authors examine the evolution, politics, treatment approaches and implications of EBP in psychotherapy. In their cogent introduction and notes between the sections, the editors tie together the book's themes, discuss their implications, and present conclusions. The final chapter lays out a series of cautions regarding EBP in psychotherapy tied to the themes arising in the book.

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覚書071120 

2007年11月20日 ()
Nonverbal Communication In Human Interaction With Infotrac Nonverbal Communication
In Human Interaction With Infotrac

Mark L. Knapp、Judith A. Hall 他
(2005/03)
Wadsworth Pub Co
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Book Description
 This introductory text is designed for courses in nonverbal communication. Using the cross disciplinary approaches of speech and social psychology, Knapp and Hall center on how nonverbal communication research affects a wide variety of academic interests. It is the most comprehensive, most readable compendium of research and theory on nonverbal communication available. It is the standard reference in this area.

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